Inconel 601

Inconel 601 | UNS N06601 | ASTM B168 | DIN 17752 | AMS 5715

INCONEL nickel-chromium-iron alloy 601 (UNS N06601/W.Nr. 2.4851) is a general-purpose engineering material for applications that require resistance to heat and corrosion. An outstanding characteristic of INCONEL alloy 601 is its resistance to hightemperature oxidation. The alloy also has good resistance to aqueous corrosion, has high mechanical strength, and is readily formed, machined and welded. The limiting chemical composition of INCONEL alloy 601 is listed. The composition is a facecentered-cubic solid solution with a high degree of metallurgical stability. The alloy’s nickel base, in conjunction with substantial chromium content, provides resistance to many corrosive media and hightemperature environments. Oxidation resistance is further enhanced by the aluminum content.
The properties of INCONEL alloy 601 make it a material of broad utility in such fields as thermal processing, chemical processing, pollution control, aerospace, and power generation.
Alloy 601 is a standard material of construction for various types of thermal-processing equipment. Industrial-heating applications include baskets, trays, and fixtures for annealing, carburizing, carbonitriding, nitriding and other heat-treating operations. In industrial furnaces, the alloy is used for radiant tubes, muffles, retorts, flame shields, strand-annealing tubes, woven-wire conveyor belts, chain curtains, burner nozzles, and electrical resistance heating elements. Other thermal-processing applications are thermocouple protection tubes, furnace-atmosphere generators, and infrared radiant screens.
Chemical-processing applications for alloy 601 include process heaters, condenser tubes in sour-water strippers, and insulating cans in ammonia reformers. The alloy is also used for combustor components and catalyst grid supports in equipment for nitric acid production.
In petrochemical processing, the alloy is used for catalyst regenerators and air preheaters in the manufacture of high-density polyethylene. In pollution-control applications, INCONEL alloy 601 is used for thermal reactors in exhaust systems of gasoline engines and for combustion chambers in solidwaste incinerators.
In the power-generation field, alloy 601 is used for superheater tube supports, grid barriers, and ashhandling systems.
The alloy is also used for jet-engine igniters and for combustion-can liners, diffuser assembles, and containment rings in gas turbines for aircraft, industrial, and vehicular applications.

Chemical Composition

  • Nickel ………………………………………………………………..58.0-63.0
  • Chromium…………………………………………………………..21.0-25.0
  • Iron ………………………………………………………………….Remainder
  • Aluminum ………………………………………………………………1.0-1.7
  • Carbon………………………………………………………………0.10 max.
  • Manganese ………………………………………………………….1.0 max.
  • Sulfur ………………………………………………………………0.015 max.
  • Silicon ……………………………………………………………….0.50 max.
  • Copper………………………………………………………………..1.0 max.

Physical Constants and Thermal Properties

Some physical constants for INCONEL alloy 601 are listed. Thermal and electrical properties at room and elevated temperatures are given. Values shown for thermal conductivity were calculated from measurements of electrical resistivity. Specific-heat values were calculated from chemical composition.

Thermal-expansion coefficients were determined on a Leitz dilatometer; values were corrected for expansion of the quartz specimen holder. Each coefficient listed is the average coefficient over the indicated temperature range.

The effect of temperature on the modulus of elasticity of alloy 601 is shown. The data were obtained by the dynamic method. The values listed for Poisson’s ratio were calculated from moduli of elasticity.

All data reported for physical constants and thermal properties were determined for annealed material.

Physical Constants

  • Density,
    lb/in.3………………………………………………………………….0.293
    Mg/m3…………………………………………………………………..8.11
  • Melting Range,
    °F…………………………………………………………………………..2480-2571
    °C ………………………………………………………………………….1360-1411
  • Specific Heat,
    70°F, Btu/lb-°F ………………………………………………………..0.107
    21°C, J/kg-°C …………………………………………………………….448
  • Permeability at 200 oersted (15.9 kA/m)
    76°F (24°C) …………………………………………………………………..1.003
    -109°F (-78°C) ……………………………………………………………….1.004
    -320°F (-196°C) ………………………………………………………………1.016
  • Curie Temperature,
    °F …………………………………………………………………………………<-320
    °C …………………………………………………………………………………<-196

Mechanical Properties

INCONEL alloy 601 has good mechanical strength. Nominal mechanical-property ranges for various products are shown. As indicated by those values, the strength level exhibited by the alloy varies with the form and condition of the material.

The optimum condition for alloy 601 depends on the type of application and the service temperature involved. In general, the solution-treated condition is used for rupture-limited applications (temperatures of about 1000°F (540°C) and higher). The annealed condition is normally used for tensile-limited applications (temperatures below about 1000°F (540°C)).

Tensile Properties

INCONEL alloy 601 has high tensile properties at room temperature and retains much of its strength at elevated temperatures.

Typical room-temperature tensile properties of annealed material are listed. Values are shown for both hot-finished and cold-rolled material annealed at different temperatures.

Specifications

UNS N06601
ASTM B168 Plate
ASTM B166 Bar
ASTM B167 Seamless Pipe
ASTM B163 Seamless Tube
ASTM B564 Forgings
DIN 17752
AMS 5715 Bar, Forgings and Rings
AMS 5870 Sheet, Strip and Plate
Inconel 601

© FountainHead Alloys 1996