Inconel 625

Inconel 625 | UNS N06625 | ISO 6208 | ISO NW6625 | NACE MR-01-75 | DIN 17753 | VdTUV 499 | EN 10095

INCONEL nickel-chromium alloy 625 (UNS N06625/W.Nr. 2.4856) is used for its high strength, excellent fabricability (including joining), and outstanding corrosion resistance. Service temperatures range from cryogenic to 1800°F (982°C). Composition is shown in Table.

Strength of INCONEL alloy 625 is derived from the stiffening effect of molybdenum and niobium on its nickel-chromium matrix; thus precipitationhardening treatments are not required. This combination of elements also is responsible for superior resistance to a wide range of corrosive environments of unusual severity as well as to high-temperature effects such as oxidation and carburization.

The properties of INCONEL alloy 625 that make it an excellent choice for sea-water applications are freedom from local attack (pitting and crevice corrosion), high corrosion-fatigue strength, high tensile strength, and resistance to chloride-ion stress-corrosion cracking. It is used as wire rope for mooring cables, propeller blades for motor patrol gunboats, submarine auxiliary propulsion motors, submarine quickdisconnect fittings, exhaust ducts for Navy utility boats, sheathing for undersea communication cables, submarine transducer controls, and steam-line bellows. Potential applications are springs, seals, bellows for submerged controls, electrical cable connectors, fasteners, flexure devices, and oceanographic instrument components.

High tensile, creep, and rupture strength; outstanding fatigue and thermal-fatigue strength; oxidation resistance; and excellent weldability and brazeability are the properties of INCONEL alloy 625 that make it interesting to the aerospace field. It is being used in such applications as aircraft ducting systems, engine exhaust systems, thrust-reverser systems, resistancewelded honeycomb structures for housing engine controls, fuel and hydraulic line tubing, spray bars, bellows, turbine shroud rings, and heat-exchanger tubing in environmental control systems. It is also suitable for combustion system transition liners, turbine seals, compressor vanes, and thrust-chamber tubing for rocket.

The outstanding and versatile corrosion resistance of INCONEL alloy 625 under a wide range of temperatures and pressures is a primary reason for its wide acceptance in the chemical processing field. Because of its ease of fabrication, it is made into a variety of components for plant equipment. Its high strength enables it to be used, for example, in thinner-walled vessels or tubing than possible with other materials, thus improving heat transfer and saving weight. Some applications requiring the combination of strength and corrosion resistance offered by INCONEL alloy 625 are bubble caps, tubing, reaction vessels, distillation columns, heat exchangers, transfer piping, and valves.

In the nuclear field, INCONEL alloy 625 may be used for reactor-core and control-rod components in nuclear water reactors. The material can be selected because of its high strength, excellent uniform corrosion resistance, resistance to stress cracking and excellent pitting resistance in 500°-600°F (260-316°C) water. Alloy 625 is also being considered in advanced reactor concepts because of its high allowable design strength at elevated temperatures, especially between 1200°-1400°F (649-760°C).

The properties given in this bulletin, results of extensive testing, are typical of the alloy but should not be used for specification purposes. Applicable specifications appear in the last section of this publication.

Chemical Composition, %

  • Nickel…………………………………………….…………58.0 min.
  • Chromium………………………………………..…………20.0-23.0
  • Iron………………………………………………..………….5.0 max.
  • Molybdenum……………………………….…………………8.0-10.0
  • Niobium (plus Tantalum)………………………..………….3.15-4.15
  • Carbon……………………………………………..……….0.10 max.
  • Manganese………………………………………….……….0.50 max.
  • Silicon……………………………….………………………0.50 max.
  • Phosphorus……………………………………….………..0.015 max.
  • Sulfur…………………………………..……….…..……..0.015 max
  • Aluminum…………………………………………………..0.40 max.
  • Titanium……………………………….……………………0.40 max.
  • Cobalta ……………………………………………………….1.0 max.

Physical Constants and Thermal Properties

Some physical constants and thermal properties of INCONEL alloy 625 are shown in Tables. Lowtemperature thermal expansion, based on measurements made by the National Bureau of Standards.

 Physical Constants

  • Density, lb/cu in……………………….……..………..0.305
  •             gram/cc………………………..………………….8.44
  • Melting Range, °F……………………………….……….2350-2460
  •                              °C…………………………………………1290-1350
  • Specific Heata ,
  • Btu/lb°F (J/kg°C) 0°F (-18°C)…………………………0.096 (402)
  •                                     70°F (21°)……….………………..0.098 (410)
  •                               200°F (93°C)…………..………………0.102 (427)
  •                             400°F (204°C)……………………………0.109 (456)
  •                             600°F (316°C)…………………………….0.115 (481)
  •                             800°F (427°C)…………………………….0.122 (511)
  •                           1000°F (538°C)…………..………………0.128 (536)
  •                           1200°F (649°C)…………………………..0.135 (565)
  •                           1400°F (760°C)…………………………..0.141 (590)
  •                           1600°F (871°C)……………..……………0.148 (620)
  •                           1800°F (982°C)…………………….…….0.154 (645)
  •                          2000°F (1093°C)…………………..……..0.160 (670)
  • Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)…….………..1.0006
  • Curie Temperature, °F…………………………………………..<-320
  •                                     °C……………………….…………………..-196

Specifications

UNS N06625,
W. Nr 2.4856,
ISO NW6625,
NACE MR-01-75,
INCONEL 625 (trademark),
MSRR 7264,
ASME SB 366, ASME SB 466,
VdTUV 499,
BS 3076 NA21,
EN 10095,
DIN 17752,
SME Code Case 1935,
ASTM B704, ASTM B751,
MAM 5599,

© FountainHead Alloys 1996